Females thirty years old and over can find out for certain if they have a high-risk strain of this virus by getting an HPV test. It is performed like a pap smear, there is approximately $100 fee for the HPV test and you get the results typically within two weeks. You must request the HPV test from your health care provider as this is not a routine test. There are many strains of the virus, and as said earlier here some strains of this virus lead to cancers such as cervical cancer. I would recommend all females over thirty years old and over get an HPV test instead of a pap smear because it is more accurate.
There is no test that exists to know if a male has HPV. The only way a male can know if he has this virus is when treating the symptoms of this virus that may come out as genital warts or an HPV-related cancer such as head, neck, throat, tongue, anal or penile cancer. We can assume that if one person in the relationship has HPV, probably the other person has it too because of how easy it is to come into contact with.
There is no treatment for an HPV infection as usually the body’s own immune system will clear the infection. However a persistent HPV infection with a high-risk type may lead to cervical abnormalities and increase the risk of developing cervical cancer. The results of an HPV test combined with cervical screening cytology (examination of the cells under a microscope) enable faster investigation of those at higher risk of developing cervical cancer, and reassurance of those at very low risk. The test can also reduce the number of unnecessary screening appointments and colposcopies among women with borderline or mild cervical screening cytology results or who have been treated for abnormal cells. If you are interested in getting an HPV test, ask your doctor about getting one with your next Pap test.
The HPV test is carried out using the same sample of cells taken during a cervical screening test. In the laboratory the cells are analysed for current HPV infection.
For more details on HPV facts, please view HPV FACTS.
You can also order an at home HPV test through Eve kit: https://evekit.com/shop/